A Brief History of Portugal

Why was Portugal, a small nation of fewer than 2 million people and light navigation history, the first to discover the passage to the Indian Ocean below the tip of Africa?Why did it say no to financing both Columbus and the Portuguese Magellan?Why does all of Latin America speak Spanish except for Brazil?Why is Portuguese so similar to one of the regional languages spoken in Spain?Why was Portugal the wealthiest nation on Earth at some point, and why did it lose it all?Why does it still own, to this day, the most valuable islands in the middle of the North Atlantic?

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