You know why tropical waters are so transparent? Because they're dead. This also explains why global warming might *freeze* Europe.
This was an interesting read!
I like your combinational thinking. I hope you find time to provide us with more facts about climate change.... May I ask you to think about one more topic? :) AI - what will our world look like in twenty years, if the artificial intelligence revolution actually takes place? Best regards and many thanks for your time and your commitment!
Could you add a paragraph about CO2 and temperature on surface ocean pH? Higher disolved CO2 in the water at higher temperatures, equals more carbonic acid and a lower pH in the Ocean's surface. A lower pH can be catastropic to phytoplankton, which is responsible for the most O2 production, more than any other living thing on the planet.
Wow Tomas. What a brilliantly simple and very interesting way to tell a complex story to us simple layman. And yes, I think you are on to something with regard to a major cooling threat to Europe.
To say "tropical waters are dead" is an oversimplification. If you look at the map of chlorophyll you have in your article you'll see a band of chlorophyll at the equator. That's because there's upwelling of nutrient rich water there ("equatorial upwelling"). Also in tropical waters where the water is very clear but there are lots of animals, there is plenty of chlorophyll, but not as loose phytoplankton. Instead it's phytoplankton (specifically dinoflagellates) living symbiotically within tissues of coral.
Hello Tomás, you might want to revise the following sentence, because it makes not much sense, IMO:
"...you’ll see that Europe is much farther north than nearly all other centers of population. This, as you might know, is due to the Gulf Stream."
AFAIK, Europe is father north due to its geographic location. Or did you mean that the Gulf Stream has pushed Europe to the place it is located?
Thanks for another great article! On this topic of human-caused environmental destruction hurting humans, I just remembered a great report by ProPublica that just came out and it's worth paying attention to as we just (sort of) came out of Covid although Long Covid is still a risk.
https://www.propublica.org/article/pandemic-spillover-outbreak-guinea-forest-clearing (The next deadly pandemic is just a forest clearing away. But we’re not even trying to prevent it.)
Estupendo y alarmante artículo con la explicación detallada y alarmante del posible futuro. De todos modos, no es bueno hacer como el avestruz y los que gobiernan deben enterarse para parar el deterioro trágico. Gracias¡¡
Why do typhoons and hurricanes happen in East Asia and North America, but most other continents are spared?
They're not. It's a naming convention. 'Typhoon' and 'hurricane' are just regional names for tropical cyclones.
Historically only two tropical basins were spared, the eastern South Pacific and the South Atlantic.
Was taught in high school that the little Ice Age dropped the temperature world wide by 3 degrees. Since this was in the time before metrics came to America, assume it was in Fahrenheit. In 1800, an ox cart, pulled by two oxen, could cross from Queens to Manhattan in the winter with no problem. They even had bonfires on the ice.
We are now two degrees warmer, again assuming it is Fahrenheit. So one degree to go before we were as the world was around 950. Europe managed alright back then. Why wouldn't it continue to do so, as long as the rise in heat was limited to one degree?
I cannot even begin to describe the flaws in this article. You say tropical waters are dead. But tropical means round the equator. This is where the biodiversity is the most abundant in the sea. And not everything in the food chain is in the same place. Lots of animals migrate for food or to have offspring. Watch the page still maintained for the correct chlorophyll findings and see how abundant it is in the tropics. https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/global-maps/MY1DMM_CHLORA
The Gulf Current as the reason (or even just A reason) behind Europe's mild climate has been discredites long time ago. In other articles, you mention the westerlies (prevailing winds that blow eastward at temperate northern latitudes) so you should understand that you can't draw a comparison between Atlantic-facing Europe and Atlantic-facing Canada, but the latter should actually be substituted by Pacific-facing Canada, which actually has a much milder climate. The residual difference is much better explained by orographic features rather than the Gulf Current
la savante russe Valentina Zarkhova de Northumbria university a prévu la fin de l'agrandissement des taches solaires qui réchauffent les océans et évaporent le CO2 en 2030 et une glaciation en 2035.
Neither disagree or dispute that. We agree on the question. The real questions is when will China or India actually do something about it, and affect their GDP, to make sure we do not blow past it by to much.
Read about what the Runes carved in one the world's most famous stones (Rökstenen) in southern central Sweden (Östgötaland) say (Guardian, 08/01-2020):
Just happen to watch a docu about Blue Ventures. Very impressive how local fishermen learn to protect their coasts, fishing grounds and fish populations. https://blueventures.org/what-we-do/